⌚ The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career

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The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career

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John Wilkes Booth Goes from Actor to Assassin (feat. Adam Scott \u0026 Will Forte) - Drunk History

Summoned to Earth by Brigadier-Lethbridge Stewart's recall device, the Doctor discovered UNIT was facing closure and the pair attended a court hearing in New York to save the organisation, but the Doctor was side-tracked when he discovered the Brigadier did not summon him to Earth. Investigating led him to the Museum of Art, and he was soon held at gunpoint by Robin Oemington , a former spy who blamed the Doctor for the downfall of his career.

Robin was killed by police before he could kill the Doctor. However, the Doctor discovered Robin had constructed a bomb capable of blowing up the solar system, and that the deceased spy planned to frame him. The Doctor managed to defuse the bomb at the last moment and successfully secured a bright future for UNIT and the Brigadier. The Doctor worked alongside Harry Sullivan again to return a peaceful alien home and to also protect it from a ruthless UNIT colonel named Dennis Horsely , who believed that the creature should be killed and experimented on, PROSE : Mutiny and attended the funeral of Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart with all of his other incarnations.

The Doctor spent a long period of time tracking down Jessica Willamy, who he had met in his second incarnation. He discovered she had been a fugitive for forty years, ever since their last meeting and he saved her from an assassin in New England. During a visit to London in , the Doctor worked with Harry Sullivan to deal with a new group of Voracians , who had infiltrated the British Government. Unlike the direct military action of the first group that the Doctor had encountered, these Voracians intended to manipulate the government into dismantling the British military by staging a coup and shutting down the army in the aftermath, telling the government that the goal was to divert money into education and medicinal programs when in reality they would use the opportunity to distribute Voractyll-programmed technology more effectively while disguising it as anti-Millennium-Bug software.

Having exposed the coup, the Doctor and Harry tracked down the Voracians before they could activate Voractyll, distracting them long enough for the Doctor to infect their own software with the Millennium Bug, causing Voractyll to shut down when it passed through them. The Doctor visited Clio on her fifth birthday to give her a bag of jelly babies as a present, PROSE : The Glass Princess and watched Leonardo da Vinci paint the Mona Lisa , thinking the model was a "dreadful woman with no eyebrows who wouldn't sit still". Info from Doomcloud needs to be added. The Doctor and Miss Young drive off for further adventures. Still travelling alone, the Doctor gained a companion in Miss Young , and the pair went to Scotland in Bessie to meet with Professor McBane , an old friend of the Doctor who had summoned him.

McBane revealed that a meteor had crash landed in oil rig waters, and he wanted the Doctor's input on the chance of alien hostility. As the group flew over the area in a helicopter, giant tentacles arose from the sea and began attacking a local ship. The Doctor was able to take a sample of the pink substance from the creature back to the laboratory, where he discovered that it was seaweed contaminated from radiation from deep space brought by the meteorite. Furthermore, the mutated seaweed was attracted to sound, so the sound of the oil rig put it in danger.

The Doctor and Miss Young headed out on a boat, using a sound-emitting gadget to attract the mutated seaweed. A tentacle grabbed the Doctor, but Miss Young cut it off. They lured the mutation into a shallow bay where it couldn't dive and dropped drums of petrol from the boat. After they were flown out of the area, the petrol was lit on fire, killing the beast.

The Doctor went to Xenon , where he picked up Milena from the planet. In return for a favour, Milena's father had asked the Doctor to take his daughter on an adventure. The pair went on a mostly peaceful trip, until they were forced to land on an asteroid. There, Milena was possessed by a species known as the Zicons. The Doctor was eventually able to trick them out of her body, and safely dropped her back on her home world. While tracing a historical anomaly, the Doctor met Nyssa , a future companion of his, who travelled back in time with him when she learned that he was going into the past to investigate Roger Bacon , who had been erased as a result of the anomaly that the Doctor was trying to track, Nyssa seeking a time of peace after the chaos of her present.

Although their investigations revealed that Bacon's assistant was trying to help him create an elixir of life, the Doctor and Nyssa never learned the reason for this anomaly, their time together ending with the Doctor taking Nyssa back to her time while aware that he would have to take care of the younger Nyssa when she became his companion in the future to avoid causing a paradox. Going undercover at the construction of the Northern Line in s London, the Doctor met Nicholas Clement and located an alien anomaly known as "Kappa 12" under Alexander Palace station. On his mission, the Doctor was paired with Susan King , Baron's old flame. The pair discovered Baron had been smuggling weapons into the country and went undercover at Baron's Enterprises.

After foiling his plan to seize control of Britain, the Doctor was held at gunpoint by the unhinged Baron, which forced Susan to shoot Baron before he could kill the Doctor. Alongside a thief called Jacob Abiathar Earl-Thornton , the Doctor visited Earth in the year 50 million , where they encountered two warring species of robot ants. PROSE : Earth The Doctor next tracked down an object that could bring machines, such as vending machines , to life, assisted by a younger woman. The Doctor checked into a London hotel in and befriended a lift operator, Philip Fowler , who spoke of the King's death and had dark predictions of the future. Investigating, the Doctor discovered Fowler was an alien device to precipitate a revolution on Earth.

Visiting the wizarding land of Samarkand , the Doctor rescued Al Urd-Din from the pit, causing Al to assume that the Doctor was a magical being. The Doctor discovered the evil Vizier was plotting to marry Al's lover, and trapped him in a World of Shadows. The Doctor fires a crossbow. TV : The Face of Evil. The Doctor returned to the planet colonised by the Mordee expedition centuries before, where he found that he was remembered as an evil god called "the Evil One " by the descendants of the colonists.

Descendants of the colonist's survey team had become a warrior tribe called the Sevateem , while descendants of the technicians had become a technologically advanced tribe called the Tesh. Infiltrating the "Sacred Heart" of the old Mordee expedition ship with the help of one of the Sevateem, Leela , the Doctor cured the computer Xoanon of his multiple personalities. The Doctor and Leela uncovered experiments into telepathy undertaken by several university students, which threatened a weakness in the multiverse that was in close proximity, made even worse by a university professor's attempt to create a flawed time machine to undo an event in his past when he beat his daughter to death during an argument.

However, due to the interventions of the TARDIS, the damage to the multiverse was repaired, but, as a result, the timeline was replaced by one where the professor reported his crime rather than hiding it. The Doctor noted that he and Leela would forget about the whole affair when they stepped out of the TARDIS, as none of the people they encountered or events they witnessed would have ever existed. On a Sandminer in the 23rd century , the Doctor and Leela were accused of killing members of the crew, and taken prisoner.

They later discovered a madman named Taren Capel was murdering the crew, hoping to help his robot "brethren" rule humanity. However, the Doctor turned Capel's reprogramming of the robots against him by using helium gas to make his voice unrecognisable to them, leading to his death. TV : The Robots of Death. The Doctor received a summons from the Brigadier to investigate a strange object in Scotland , which he traced to one of the islands in Shetland. Learning that Leela had experienced something whilst rowing, the Doctor theorised that the lights in the sky were not a natural phenomenon, just as Viking artefacts started to attack Joanna.

After falling down a hole while trying to find Angus Renwick , the Doctor was attacked by something in Viking armour, but he found his way onto Nardos ' ship. After helping Leela to escape the flames, he and Leela travelled back in time accidentally and saw Angus' father during his mission in the Second World War. The Doctor worked out that the ship's defences were causing time to fracture. He was given the "wolf's eye" from a young Angus and used it to go back to the future, and tried to convince Nardos to stop his plans as it would destroy humanity.

The Doctor and George Litefoot explore London 's waterways. With the help of Henry Gordon Jago and Professor George Litefoot , the Doctor was able to stop Greel from using a failed time machine that would have destroyed reality, but when the attempt happened without a crucial part, Greel was caught in an explosion. After saying goodbye to Jago and Litefoot, the Doctor followed a distress signal that took him and Leela to a country house in Kent in At the house, the Doctor had to stop Leela from attacking the butler, Jenkins , and told him that his master, Lord Jack Corrigan , had taken a spaceship.

They landed on the Chandler and joined its crew pretending to be part of its construction crew for the Nerva Beacon. Shortly after boarding the Nerva Beacon , they were arrested by a Drudger and taken to Giles Moreau where he questioned Henry McMullan about the stolen spaceship. The Doctor worked out that Henry was spreading an infection among the people on the Nerva Beacon. He managed to get them back onto supply ship to get a message to quarantine the Nerva Beacon. Shortly afterwards, the Drellerans showed the Doctor that they infected Jack and his colleagues because of Jack's subjugation of their people. He convinced the Drellerans with the help of Alison to give them the vaccine to the stop the infection spreading and cure those with the disease.

Upon Leela's demand for more teaching, the Doctor brought her to the Movarian Museum , in time for the opening of the new Renaissance section. When they landed, though, they found themselves in an English village , apparently at the beginning of the 20th century. They were greeted by Harcourt , a local scholar, and his servant, Jephson , who seemed to be bent on acquiring knowledge. They found out that Harcourt was a robot built as a speaking database and Jephson was the curator of the new section of the Museum, and wanted to acquire as much knowledge as he could in order to become a real "Renaissance Man". For that reason, he invited several scholars and experts and, with the help of Harcourt, drained their entire memories, transferring them into the database.

He managed to drain from Leela her knowledge about hunting and tried to do the same with the Doctor, but he was able to resist the impulse and tricked him by having him store data about a non-existent historical character. When the Doctor revealed the trick, all the world built by Harcourt and Jephson collapsed, leaving only an empty space. Shortly after arriving, they met Boudica when she was being attacked by Festucas and Pacquolas. He was appalled when Boudica killed Pacquolas after he had surrendered. When he told her of Boudica's fate, Leela wanted to change her fate, but the Doctor tried to dissuade her from altering history.

Boudica knew that threatening Bragnar would cause the Doctor to tell her the future. He managed to escape and rode to Boudica's battle to save Leela from being killed. Intending to take Leela to , the Doctor accidentally landed in London in , and noticed a set of anachronistic energy readings coming from the National Museum. He allied with protester Jack Coulson to destroy GlobeSphere Corporation because of their plans to exploit their consumers. Investigating their headquarters, the Doctor discovered that the company had been infiltrated by the Daleks, and that the energy readings were associated with a Dalek Time Ship. He rescued Leela from being converted into a Roboman. Using the Robotisation mechanism, the Doctor got information from a Dalek that they wanted the energy for their plans and headed for the Moon.

He worked out that Damien Stephens was a high functioning Roboman, and also found out that the Daleks were plotting to force the Moon out of Earth's orbit, so that it would cause highly destructive floods and tectonic events that would ultimately engulf the human race. However, the Doctor once again stopped the Daleks by funnelling all the power through their ship. An attempt at a holiday in the English countryside resulted in the Doctor and Leela discovering a plan by the Decayed Master to harness a being capable of creating natural wormholes, allegedly to assist the Kraal in their latest invasion of Earth.

AUDIO : Trail of the White Worm The Doctor discovered that the true goal was to steal a unique battery from UNIT that the Third Doctor had created during his exile and combine the energy from the battery with the radiation on Oseidon to create a new form of radiation that would restore the Master at the cost of destroying the planet. The Doctor was able to convince the Kraal to retreat while the Master was left struggling with an android duplicate of himself that the Doctor and Leela had created to question about the situation.

When a Desolation Storm approached the Sycorax's asteroid base, the Doctor and Bathast freed the prisoners while Leela and Kyrss were forced to fight. The Doctor took Leela on holiday on the planet Shontaa , where they battled two Zygons who were engaged in a bitter feud. He later saved Pincham from being killed as a witch. There, he encountered Vituperon who, posing as the Devil, teased him in the delirium. The Doctor was then imprisoned in the Tower of London , but he escaped after being taken to the gallows, having worked out that the imps were copies of Vituperon. He went into their lair, with Leela as his anchor, and sealed Vituperon in his realm.

The Doctor next visited Joshua Douglas and his family, where he re-encountered the imprisoned emperor of the Z'nai , whom he had contained long ago. The Emperor hoped to find an antidote for the plague which Douglas had released to destroy his people. Douglas' daughter freed the Emperor, sparking a resurgence of the Z'nai Empire. For an unknown reason, Leela became the virus' vector, infecting the Z'nai with it. She wiped out the Z'nai except for the Emperor, whom the Doctor imprisoned again. After the TARDIS malfunctioned, the Doctor and Leela found themselves on the tranquil planet of Synchronis , where they planned to relax until the Doctor was attacked and left in a coma, leaving Leela to fend for herself.

When he recovered, the Doctor managed to sabotage the ongoing Empathy Games in which Leela was a participant and restructure the society. The Doctor spent a few days in New York in , discussing philosophy and literature with intelligent men. When the Time Lords sent him and Leela to Dowcra , the Doctor was captured by Reaver and sent to work with the rest of the prisoners of the Sontarans , working on the clone vats, where he learnt more about the Sontaran invasion from Irving. When he learnt of the human experiment to create a method of instantaneous travel which would be deadly in the hands of the Sontarans, the Doctor thought this was why the Time Lords had sent him to Dowca.

He tried to assassinate Strang by using the probic vent, but it didn't work, and the Doctor was sent to help Rosato to complete the portal he was creating. He tried to convince Rosato that wiping out the Sontarans would let the Rutan Host swarm, but his subconscious betrayed him and he accidentally gave Rosato the equations to complete the portal. Because the Doctor wasn't certain that he could make the Sontaran clones good, Leela destroyed all the vats, much to the Doctor's disapproval. While tracking thefts on shipping transports, Leela was abducted by the Decayed Master and brainwashed to believe that she was his personal assassin.

Under the Master's control, she nearly killed the Doctor with a Janis thorn , but the Doctor was able to retrieve the antidote and convince Leela to trust him. Afterwards, Leela believed that she would be expelled from the TARDIS, but the Doctor assured her that he didn't blame her for her actions and they discussed Leela's lost father, as the Master's control had included manipulating Leela's memory of him. The discovery of a rupture in the Time Vortex drew the Doctor and Leela to a village where a house was apparently plagued by ghosts.

Investigating the "haunted" house with the aid of local girl Charlotte, the Doctor learned that the house's owner, Jalnik , came from the year , and was sent into the future by Jalnik's butler, Butler. Learning that Earth in this time was plagued by giant locusts known as the Pantophagen , the Doctor realised that their presence was the result of Jalnik attempting to stage a coup after he discovered the temporal rupture and drew the Pantophagen to Earth. Working with Leela and Charlotte, the Doctor was able to return to the past and seal the original rupture, erasing the chain of events that led to the Pantophagen destroying Earth. At a lighthouse on Fang Rock , the Doctor and Leela discovered a Rutan Host who was planning to make use of the Earth's strategic placement in its race's war with the Sontarans.

After all but he and Leela were killed by it, the Doctor destroyed the Rutan by blowing up the lighthouse. TV : Horror of Fang Rock. The Doctor and Leela next found themselves on a cyber-frontier world, encountering an army of half-converted Cybermen. Originally planning to help them retrieve a weapon to destroy invading Cybermen, the Doctor sent Leela to gather a resistance and gave the half-converted their emotions back. Colonel Joshua committed suicide after seeing what he had become, whilst the rest dedicated their lives to protecting the planet. Info from The Darkness of Glass needs to be added. The Doctor is infected by a virus. TV : The Invisible Enemy.

The Doctor, having become the host of the Nucleus , travelled to the Bi-Al Foundation medical centre in the year , where its Swarm spread further, infecting numerous others. The Nucleus brought itself out of the Doctor's body and into the macro world to hatch more offspring. The Doctor travelled to Titan Base , where a hive of Swarm lay. The Doctor mixed the oxygen canisters with the methane atmosphere of Titan , blowing up the base and killing the Swarm.

While there, he brought along Professor Marius' robot dog, K9 , to fight the Swarm-infected humans. While meeting the Tarl leader Ergu with Calura and Gethal , the Doctor learned that the Exxilons were creating various complex constructions that would turn multiple other worlds into little more than conduits to power their primary great city, and was asked to share his wisdom with Ergu. They worked out that the Exxilon city used the minds of other races to power itself and that it turned on them in the end. With K9 to disrupt the carvings on the current construct, the Doctor was able to drive the Exxilons away from E The Doctor came to know that the Rocket Men put a bounty on his head, and decided to put them out of business once and for all.

He instructed Leela to deliver them an olographic duplicate of him as a prisoner, as well as K9. The Doctor then disguised himself as Oskin and got in contact with the Rocket Men leader, Shandar , on their base, the Asteroid. Upon his suggestion, Shandar called upon the Master to propose him a partnership. When the Master arrived, the Doctor manipulated him so that he would kill his duplicate, just before he and K9 started disconnecting the relais keeping the Asteroid steady in space.

After the Asteroid had been destroyed, Leela expressed her wish to stay with Marshall, and the Doctor bid her a fond farewell. There, he found out that the Master had taken control of the local Death Match and was using Leela as his champion. The Master tried to win the Doctor's approval by reminding him about the Game of Rassilon back home, but the Doctor was unpersuaded; enraged, the Master then threw the Doctor into the match as a bonus kill.

Inside the game, the Doctor was reunited with Leela, Marshall and K9; together, they located the secret room where the Master cured Leela, ensuring she stayed victorious. The Doctor and K9 reprogrammed the circuits of the station and changed it into teleports , and used them to trap the Master and Kastrella inside the game while they got out. However, Marshall had already been fatally wounded by the Master, and died soon after.

The Doctor offered the distraught Leela the chance of coming back to travel with them, and she accepted. The Doctor brought Leela fishing on Krelos. Whilst fishing on the terraforming Mars, the Doctor, Leela and K9 became caught in a terrorist attack, and the Doctor was mistaken for the leader of the Crimson Dawn , an eco-terrorist organisation. He discovered another organisation, Redpeace, had been working with a lone Ice Warrior to restore the Ice Warriors. After dealing with the rival organisations, the Doctor awoke the cryogenically frozen Ice Warriors on the moon of Phobos and restored the planet to their control. The Doctor encounters Fendahl. TV : Image of the Fendahl.

The Doctor traced the source of a time hole to a group of scientists experimenting on a mysterious skull called Eustace. Much to his horror, the Doctor discovered "Eustace" was actually the skull of a Golden Core, responsible for creating humanity's darker side. Believing it could give them the power to rule the world, a cult used the scientist Thea Ransome as a medium for "Eustace". The cult's plan backfired, as the core simply began transforming them into Fendahl. The cult's leader, Maximillian Stael , committed suicide, preventing them from reaching the quota of thirteen Fendahl. The Doctor blew up their base, killing the transformed humans. Searching for a second Fendahl skull, the Doctor interrupted the first performance of Hamlet and prevented Lord Grathnave of the Erstwhile Collision from obtaining the skull.

Returning to Prague in the 23rd century, the Doctor discovered a race of super-evolving dogs had taken over the city. Taken prisoner, the Doctor, Leela and K9 befriended Ben. Together with the citizens of Prague, they staged a rebellion against the dogs and rebuilt Prague to its former glory. Arriving at Megropolis One on Pluto in the far future, the Doctor learned of the Company responsible for over-taxing the populace. He then discovered that Usurians had previously helped humanity move to Mars and then to Pluto for resources, but planned to leave them behind once Pluto was drained.

He overthrew their representative, the Collector , trapping him in a jar in his true form of " seaweed ", and set up a better economy. TV : The Sun Makers. Taking a homesick Leela to the Heligan Structure , the Doctor found himself on trial for a crime a future incarnation of himself had done to the colonists of the Heligan. However, Chairman Ratisbon insisted on a summary execution, just as the Heligan began manifesting "mobile spores" that attacked the colonists.

Realising things were being triggered by an outside source, the Doctor ventured into the Heligan's root ball, and discovered that Director Sprawn had merged with the Heligan to ensure his revenge on the Doctor. Reverting Sprawn's altercations to the Heligan's spores to prune Sprawn out of the Heligan's systems, the Doctor told the colonists that a nearby world would be habitable in ten years and that they should advertise the Heligan Structure as a wonder of the galaxy.

However, the Jewel had gone missing, and the Judoon had been called in to reclaim it. In the caverns of the Krytuk Valleys , where the Jewel was first discovered, the group discovered Roget as he placed the Jewel, which was the hive mind for the native crystalline species , in its original place, and awoke the creatures. With the Jewel back with its rightful owners, the Judoon's search was called off. Though the Master attacked them with Autons, Frobisher was able to free the captured companions, and they helped the Doctors fight off the Autons, as Adam had a change of heart when the Master revealed he intended to use the chronal energies he had stolen across the Doctor's timelines to destroy the universe.

After the Master killed Adam as he foiled his plans, the eleven Doctors honoured Adam as a "true companion". Reaching the edge of the universe, the Doctor met a species the Time Lords helped evolve, whose destruction of their own planet because of their advancement in evolution led to the Time Lords' non-interference policy. He helped them locate and rescue fellow descendants of their species, taking them a new planet where they could start a better life. While helping them, the Doctor battled against the Oracle , a machine that enslaved the secondary descendants with the aid of robots.

TV : Underworld. After the Mekon was subdued by a barrage of Red Noses , the Fourth Doctor helped collect donations from the defeated army. The Doctor killed the creature which had been genetically manipulated through experiments in concentration camps. The Doctor looked into the planet's datastream, Rene. The Doctor cooperated with the police to defeat Sutekh when he returned. When Leela landed on Westtropi III , the Doctor kept fading out of time, due to the presence of the Time Vampire , which he thought had come into being due to his close proximity of his third incarnation.

The Doctor wears the Crown of Rassilon. Returning once more to Gallifrey, and posing as vainglorious and power-mad, the Doctor sought and attained the office of Lord President from Borusa , who he had left in charge on his previous visit, as part of a scheme to save his home world from an invasion force of the Vardans who had contacted him for his aid. He was inaugurated as President and crowned with the Crown of Rassilon, painfully connecting him to the Matrix.

While he was connected to the Matrix , the Doctor gained knowledge of the Timewyrm. As part of his plan, he had Leela exiled from the Citadel so that she would gather a resistance force. Realising they would be unable to control Gallifrey, the Sontarans sought to destroy it so the Doctor was forced to retrieve the De-mat gun and use it to erase their leader, Stor , from history. With his homeworld protected and Borusa once again in charge, the Doctor planned to resume his travels. But he learned Leela had fallen in love with a Gallifreyan guard named Andred and wished to remain with him; K9 likewise wished to stay with his "mistress".

Though he seemed sad at first to lose both companions, the Doctor quickly pulled out a crate marked " K9 Mark II " from a storage area and grinned to himself. Info from Those Left Behind needs to be added. He urged the team to abandon the park, which they finally agreed to after Phelan was killed. They realised Donnelley was returning to Earth in her spaceship, which was likely contaminated with Vashta Nerada. Onboard they found Donnelley dead and managed to return the ship to orbit over Funworld, though Steele died in the process by saving the Doctor from Vashta Nerada onboard by poisoning herself and letting them consume her.

The Doctor sent a broadcast from the ship warning that Funworld was unsafe and left, lamenting his inability to save anyone. The Master used a broadcast to have one of the listeners to connect telepathically to his TARDIS and become a replica of him which he sent out to face the Doctor and the revolutionaries while he escaped. Arriving on the Starship Future the Doctor discovered the crew had salvaged a damaged Dalek and attempted to warn them about it. He discovered the Dalek was using dormant colonists to breed a new Dalek army and confronted it, during which he learnt a future version of him would destroy the Time Squad this Dalek had belonged to.

The Doctor began to investigate a string of murders that were caused by stuffed animals. The animals came from a taxidermy factory, run by a passionate taxidermist called Percy Noggins. Upon meeting the Doctor, Percy sent a small army of stuffed animals to kill him, since he had deemed him a threat. The Doctor discovered the stuffed animals and Percy were being controlled by the Hornets , an alien race that wanted to take control of the Doctor's mind.

The Doctor later travelled to Cromer to investigate previous incursions of the Hornets on Earth, where he found a dancer called Ernestina Stott stealing some ballet shoes with the remains of feet inside them, owned by Mrs Fenella Wibbsey , curatress of the Cromer museum, both under the influence of the Hornets. Upon discovering the significance of the ballet shoes in his investigations, the Doctor learned they were the ballet shoes of a dancer called Francesca, just like Ernestina, and they were being used by the Hornets as a hive for their dormant swarm, which Mrs Wibbsey had been taking care of for years.

The Hornets attempted to use Mrs Wibbsey to shrink the Doctor and Ernestina down, putting them inside a doll's house filled with deadly dolls animated by the Hornets, but the Doctor escaped and found a way to bring them back to normal. After that, the Hornets tried to occupy Ernestina's body, making her their new hive, but the Doctor stopped them by removing the ballet shoes before they could take full possession of her. He confiscated the doll's house and the ballet shoes and placed Mrs Wibbsey under his protection in Nest Cottage as his housekeeper and regularly mesmerised her to prevent the Hornets from taking over her mind.

AUDIO : The Dead Shoes However, the Doctor later discovered that Ernestina was still carrying the dormant Hornets inside her, who then made contact with her grandson, Percy Noggins, the taxidermist who cooperated with the Hornets in their scheme to control stuffed animals. The Doctor then travelled to Blandford to investigate the Circus of Delights, whose arrival coincided with disappearances in the village.

During this trip to Blandford, the Doctor encountered a girl named Sally , whose father had prevented her from attending. Sally and Farrow accompanied the Doctor in his investigation of the circus, where the Doctor discovered that the Hornets were responsible for odd goings-on at the circus, led by the dwarf ringmaster, Antonio. It was discovered that the Hornets had been taking possession of members of the village, so they could feed off the negative emotions that the villagers produced, using the circus to draw more victims into their trap. Upon mesmerising Antonio, the Doctor found out that he had come into contact with the Hornets as a young boy, in Venice , when they came out of a blue box that had appeared from nowhere.

However, after the Doctor had extracted all the information he wanted from Antonio, the Hornets had completely left his body with the intent of making Francesca their new hive. The Doctor attempted to stop the Hornets occupying Francesca, but was unsuccessful, leading Francesca to cast herself off the high wire upon the command of her masters, killing her. After the Doctor's defeat of the Hornets in Blandford, the Doctor had taken the husk of Antonio back to Nest Cottage and placed a stasis field around it, and then used him as a garden gnome. The Doctor found out that the Hornets remained dormant in Francesca's dead body, which was stolen by Farrow and Sally.

Eventually, her mummified feet and ballet shoes would make their way to the museum in Cromer. The Doctor finally found the earliest infestation of the Hornets in the year , in a nunnery in Northumbria , which was under siege by wild dogs, possessed by the Hornets, who met the Doctor for the first time from their perspective. While there, the Doctor discovered that the Hornets had recently come to Earth, and were now looking for their lost Hornet Queen who had hidden in the body of a pig trapped in the nunnery.

He realised that they were unable to take possession of the nuns in Northumbria, because they couldn't inhabit the bodies of those who had consumed alcohol. They escaped and encountered the younger Antonio in The Doctor searched for the Hornets in Venice for days, but he later realised that he was responsible for the Hornets' contact with Antonio, who would eventually set up his Circus of Delights. The Doctor then took the wild dog back to Nest Cottage, where it became his dog, Captain. The Doctor put an advertisement in a magazine to invite Mike Yates into his investigation of the Hornets. After the stuffed animals in the Nest Cottage came alive and both Mike and the Doctor were forced to retreat into the cellar, the Doctor decided to keep him up to speed, by telling him about all his encounters with the Hornets.

The Doctor wanted to finally defeat the Hornets by neutralising their queen. Therefore, with the help of Mike Yates and Mrs Wibbsey, he used Francesca's ballet shoes and his TARDIS' dimensional stabiliser to shrink themselves, so they were able to enter the hive of the Hornets, which happened to be a stuffed zebra housing the Hornet Queen herself. During the expedition into the hive of the Hornets, Mike had become paranoid and suspicious of Mrs Wibbsey, leading to his handcuffing her and directing her to the centre of the hive, resulting in a confrontation with the Hornet Queen. It was during this confrontation that the Hornet Queen revealed she had taken possession of Mike. It was this revelation that the Doctor realised that it must have been the control of the Hornets that forced him to put that advertisement in the magazine, using what knowledge she had taken from the Doctor's mind so she could draw Mike to Nest Cottage, believing him perfect to take control since he had so many negative experiences.

Since the Hornets were no longer restrained by the force shield, they took their opportunity to return to the Hornet hive, so the Doctor threatened all the Hornets by burning the whole hive. However, the Doctor realised that he could use the Hornet Queen's desire for the Hornet's royal jelly that they produced against her. He achieved this by filling Francesca's ballet shoe with royal jelly, and the Queen, overcome with the desire for the jelly, drank it out of the shoe. The Doctor used the residual energy of the Hornets in the shoe and the sonic screwdriver 's connection to the dimensional stabiliser to shrink the Hornet Queen so small she could only exist in the micro-universe. This weakened the Hornets and gave the Doctor the opportunity to escape, so he could increase their size again.

This allowed the Doctor to reactivate the dimensional stabiliser, so he could put a force shield around the hive to contain all the Hornets in the stuffed zebra, sending them to the other side of the universe. This gave the occupants of Nest Cottage the chance to celebrate Christmas the following day. He was brought to a TARDIS control console room from his future alongside his second , third , fifth and sixth incarnations , and told that Time had disassembled the control console and set the TARDIS on a course for the heart of the sun, with the Doctors' only hope being to reassemble the control console.

Unable to achieve the task due to their bickering, the Doctors were saved when the First Doctor united them in reversing time itself with their pooled temporal powers. The Fourth Doctor teamed up with all of his other incarnations to save Gallifrey from destruction at the end of the Last Great Time War , TV : The Day of the Doctor even joining them on the surface of the planet to save people from natural disasters that were occurring as a result of their attempt to shift it into another dimension. TV : The Day of the Doctor. The Doctor with Tiger Maratha. The Doctor met archaeologist and adventurer Tiger Maratha , and the two briefly travelled together, during which the Doctor made the acquaintance of Tiger's daughter, Priyanka , once offering her a bag of jelly babies.

Amongst their adventures included fighting the Deathlings at Angkor Wat. While he stayed in Nest Cottage, someone stole the Doctor's spatial geometer , leaving behind a bag with five objects as clues. They were taken by Celtic soldiers who believed them to be Druids , and wanted to use them to assassinate the wizard in a neighbouring village, who was threatening them. They travelled to this village, and on the way found dead husks, drained of their life essence. In the village, the Roman Emperor Claudius was posing as the wizard, who desired to escape from Rome and the troubles of being emperor. During an attack by the Celts from the village, the Doctor managed to stop them from fighting by using a voicemail message of Mike Yates from the Nest Cottage telephone he had with him.

After the battle ended, Claudius attempted to usher the Doctor inside the back reaches of his tent, but failed, and the Doctor escaped before the tent vanished, but not before removing the remains of his spatial geometer that Claudius had taken. Next, the Doctor found an altered version of a poster painted by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. This led the Doctor and Mrs Wibbsey to Paris in the s where Lautrec's concierge had tried to frame Lautrec as a murderer of street girls, by making him doubt his own sanity. To do this, she slashed his paintings and killed Henri's muses and models, and stored their remains in his house, unbeknownst to him.

With the help of Henri's muse, La Charlotte , they discovered the bodies and uncovered the truth of Henri's innocents. From this revelation, they found out that the murders were due to the action of Lautrec's concierge, in part to cover up his need to feed on those girls life force. In an attempt to lure the Doctor, the concierge kidnapped Lautrec and took him to a cemetery, where her dematerialisation chamber was. The concierge almost captured the Doctor in his time craft, but the Doctor forced his way out.

However, La Charlotte was killed before they all could escape. The Doctor then retrieved another part of his spatial geometer that was left behind. The third object, a storybook with images of the Doctor and Mike Yates in it, drew them to a cave in eastern Europe, where the Doctor met a story teller, Albert Tiermann on his way to tell his stories to the king. They were all forced to remain in a nearby hotel owned by Frau Herz until the morning. Albert had discovered the Doctor's copy of his storybook, containing stories he hadn't written yet.

Since he was suffering from mental block, and had to tell a new story to the king on pain of death, he had a desire to obtain the book. That night, an Ice Queen whom Albert had previously met in his childhood visited him, and further persuaded him to take the storybook. The following morning, Albert's coachman had been killed, and in an attempt to take Frau Herz hostage, the Ice Queen killed Hans , Albert's footman. The Doctor pursued the Ice Queen to a cave nearby, full of dead husks drained of their life force, where Albert revealed that all his stories were created for him by the Ice Queen, in her elaborate plan to lure the Doctor here. The Ice Queen returned to the hotel, and threatened to kill Mike. It was then revealed that the hotel was really the dematerialisation chamber, and was in disguise for forty years, unbeknownst to Frau, all for this moment.

Direct threats from the Ice Queen to Mike did not hold the Doctor, so he tricked the Ice Queen into believing he was going to accompany her, allowing Mike, Albert and Frau to escape. Then, at the last minute, the Doctor escaped, leaving the Ice Queen empty-handed. But Mike had discovered more of the spatial geometer in the draws of the hotel. The Doctor deposited Albert and Frau near the king's palace, and allowed Albert to keep the storybook, and used it to write his stories in the future. The Doctor ran into a trap in New York City in A meteorite landed in Central Park and bestowed super-powers to local resident Alice Trefusis.

The Doctor investigated the comic book cover showing the event. As soon as the Doctor arrived, he felt weak and drained of energy. Mrs Wibbsey and Buddy had taken a now unconscious Alice to the ageing film star Mimsy Loyne 's apartment. Alice began to use her superpowers to combat crime and stop accidents, using the alias "Starfall". While this was going on, Mike and the Doctor came upon a dead body drained of energy, similar to the dead bodies from the previous time zones. It was at the scene where police arrested the Doctor and Mike, believing them to be involved in the death. However, while in prison, Alice rescued the Doctor and Mike, taking them to Mimsy's apartment. Buddy and Mrs Wibbsey then found a cult working in the apartment block, chanting around the final piece of the spatial geometer.

This was used to create a telepath debilitator to confuse the Doctor, causing his weakness. Mimsy captured the Doctor, but was foiled when Alice broke up the chanting cultists necessary for the debilitator. During the confrontation with Mimsy, the Doctor took the remaining spatial geometer component. In frustration, Mimsy kidnapped Mrs Wibbsey, outright. The Doctor informed Alice that her powers would fade, but Buddy still had inspiration for his new comic book story. Following the last item, a golden heart pendant, the Doctor and Mike went straight to Sepulchre , which took the form of a stately home, where they found Mrs Wibbsey, who had been there for three weeks and seemed to be possessed by some intelligence.

The Doctor brought the telephone from Nest Cottage, and listened to a voicemail left by Ernetina Stott, regarding the burning down of the Cromer Palace of Curios museum. While they were exploring, the Doctor, Mike and Mrs Wibbsey found that their host, the Demon , no longer needing any disguises, sprang the trap on the Doctor, and transported them all to a dark cavern, using a mysterious green flame. He revealed he was actually working for the Hornets that had regenerated inside of Mrs Wibbsey, who had been present within her since their last encounter with them.

The Demon locked the Doctor in a sarcophagus, and started the process to extract all of knowledge of space and time from the Doctor's mind, using it to create the Atlas of All Time for the Hornets, which they could use it to locate their Hornet Queen. A quick turnabout by Mike Yates set Mrs Wibbsey in the sarcophagus instead, and the Atlas was reshaped only to contain Mrs Wibbsey's knowledge of time. The Doctor convinced the Demon to cooperate with him, and they reconfigured the sarcophagus' functions to transport anyone in it to anywhere in the Atlas.

Therefore, using what little remained of the Atlas, the Doctor transported the sarcophagus and the Hornets to the Cromer Palace of Curios, where it caused the museum to burn down with a green flame, quickly destroying the Hornets. However, the Doctor was able to rescue Mrs Wibbsey, but with the loss of the Hornet, it caused the destruction of the Atlas and Sepulchre. While the Doctor, Mike and Mrs Wibbsey tried to celebrate a second Christmas at Nest Cottage, someone knocked on the door, and Mrs Wibbsey screamed as the unknown visitor tried to break in. As they broke down the front door, it was revealed that they were Robotov robots, who were instructed to take the Doctor. When attempting to resist them, Mike was knocked unconscious, and the Doctor and Mrs Wibbsey were captured by the robots and were transported to the far future by a wormhole.

The Doctor was brought before the Tsarina , the wife of the Tsar , the figurehead of the Robotov Empire , an empire entirely ruled by sentient robots, and requested the Doctor help her three-year-old son, Alex , the cyborg heir to the Robotov throne. The Tsarina believed that the Doctor was " Father Gregory ," a former ally of the empire, but betrayed them to their enemies. However, it was interrupted by a raid instigated by enemies of the Robotovs, and they abducted Mrs Wibbsey. When she was taken to their base, she met the real Father Gregory, who looked exactly the same as the Doctor, and he revealed that he was the one who brought them to the future.

However, the Doctor arrived to rescue Mrs Wibbsey, where he discovered that Gregory had allied himself with the Skishtari and during the raid, implanted a Skishtari egg in Alex's chest to be released at the heart of the Robotov Empire. However, realising the error of his ways, Gregory removed the egg from his chest, and saved Alex's life by transplanting his own heart for Alex's, which killed Gregory. Attempting to save Alex, he and his guardian, Boolin , escaped in a shuttle with the egg, and travelled through the wormhole. Attempting to pursue them, the Doctor and Mrs Wibbsey arrived back in Hexford, but in the year As they explored Hexford, the Doctor and Mrs Wibbsey discovered that they arrived ten years after the shuttle arrived in Hexford, and the shuttle crash caused an accident which resulted in Boolin losing his memory, and Alex becoming facially disfigured.

After the accident, Reverend Dobbs took care of them, making Boolin his servant, and Alex his ward. Eventually, Alex discovered the Skishtari egg, and used it punish people who upset him. When the Doctor found Alex and Boolin, Boolin began to remember his lost memories, and when he attempted to persuade Alex to acknowledge his identity as an heir to an intergalactic empire, Alex refused to believe it, and used the egg to consume Boolin. When Alex ran away from them, the Doctor tried to pursue him and convince him to give up the egg. However, when Reverend Dobbs arrived, Alex went into a rage and lost control of the egg, which consumed them all. When the Doctor and Mrs Wibbsey awoke, they were in a vast cavern, where they came across a young man who sounded like Alex called Aladdin , who said he was sent into the cavern to uncover a magic lamp for a mysterious magician.

As they all looked for the lamp, the chamber filled with gas and they fell asleep. When they awoke, the Doctor's scarf had vanished and they met the Magician , who looked like Boolin. After further explorations, the Doctor became separated from the group. While exploring on his own, he found his scarf had become animated and it began to talk to him. He followed the scarf and rejoined with Mrs Wibbsey, Aladdin and the Magician, and they found the lamp. When Aladdin rubbed it, the Scarf emerged and allowed Aladdin three wishes. They scarf revealed that the situation they were in was a projection made by Alex's mind to represent the quest for the Skishtari egg, and the characters were the victims consumed by the egg in Hexford.

With the Doctor's assistance, Aladdin remembered his former life as Alex, and wished to stop the projection, and be released from the egg back to Hexford. After arriving back in Hexford, the lamp turned into the egg, and Alex wished, at the Doctor's request, that they travel to Christmas Day , , the day they were taken by the Robotov robots. Whilst assembling another K9 , the TARDIS notified the Doctor of the use of a warped field damper in and went to investigate, finding himself saving Trenix and Ann Kelso from Spandrin and learning of an alliance between the Sinestrans and an intergalactic consortium.

The Doctor took several Sinestran assassins to a justice planet and gave the eager Ann the opportunity to join him in investigating the mysterious group, one which she accepted. He took her into the future to show her the advancement of society, landing in DrashigWorld on the day of its closure due to a visitor fatality. The Doctor eventually determined that he was dealing with the heirs to the conspiracy masterminded by Mavic Chen , who had decided to mount their own campaign of conquest. The Doctor was able to defeat most members of the organisation, but then realised that "Ann" was actually a fake identity of SSS Agent Anya Kingdom, who had been programmed with an alias to ensure that the Doctor would target the right members of the conspiracy.

The Doctor was able to expose the deception, but decided to leave Anya, despite her request to travel with him. The Doctor escaped into the depths of the complex, and managed to steal a field generator from a sleeping guard. He used this to deflect the Vorg's laser blasts. At that very moment, a fleet of battle cruisers arrived out of a white hole and began attacking the platform, as they sought to reclaim ships captured by the Vorgs. Seeking out the crew of the Apollo 8 mission, the Doctor took packages from each crewmember until he was able to repair his TARDIS, and then left to give them the equipment before Apollo 8 launched.

After a moment, K9 disappeared entirely from the ship. Unable to discover where K9 had been sent to, the Doctor went on many travels alone. Arriving in Bethlehem four years after Jesus's birth, the Doctor encountered a time traveller known as the "Fourth Wise Man" and became trapped in a void inhabited by a god-like entity that wanted his brain. The Doctor completed a complex crossword puzzle, which led him to freedom.

The Doctor arrives in a shop, looking to purchase Jelly Babies. The Doctor visited Zaggar-Six , where he came into the possession of multiple Zaggan pound notes. He eventually found his way to the outskirts of a small town in the English countryside on Earth, where he went into a shop to restock up on foods. Inside, he found the "Old" Grubb completely petrified with fear of something coming. At this point, the shop was attacked by a Roman-style robot, which killed the shopkeeper without mercy and attempted to kill the Doctor.

The robot malfunctioned after being confused by the Doctor's biology, but the Doctor was soon attacked by reinforcements of robots in the Iron Legion , who shot at him as he entered the TARDIS. The Doctor learned that he had slipped into a dimension duct to an alternate world where Rome had never fallen and where a vast empire ruled the galaxy. The Doctor was able to avoid it killing him by telling it a joke in its native language, thus befriending it, but the Doctor was enslaved for this and taken on board the Imperial Air Galley. He escaped with the help of ex-gladiator Morris , while also being joined by Vesuvius , a robot with a flame attachment to his head, although Morris suffered a fatal injury and died. In the catacombs, the Doctor activated the genetically engineered Bestiarus and programmed them to start a revolution against Rome.

The Doctor eventually met with what was purportedly Adolphus Caesar 's mother Juno, who the Doctor revealed was really Magog , a Malevilus whom had secretly influenced Rome into conquering the galaxy, and reverted to his original form. Magog had the powers of physical manipulation, and tortured the Doctor for his actions—turning his body inside out and twisting the time around his body, as well as other things. The Doctor was able to point a camera at the beast, revealing to the people his true nature and causing them to join in with the uprising. Magog did not care about this, as he knew that he could still force his will over them, and forced the Doctor to take him into the TARDIS, where he was tricked into flicking a switch which flung him into an empty dimension , trapping him for eternity.

Back on Earth, the remaining Malevilus were killed by the besieging Bestiarus, Vesuvius was crowned the new emperor and the Doctor left for a vacation in Benidorm. Partway to Benidorm, however, the Doctor had to force a landing on the planet Zom to repair his time-space stabiliser. In the city of Zombos , he discovered a society where emotions were the only crime, and any signs of emotion were removed by the Harmoniser. The city's police, the Moderators , discovered the Doctor's interference and took him to the Moderator General.

Before his mind could be wiped, however, he was saved by the Zom Emotional People's Organisation , who arrived to save the machine's previous victim, Freddy Feel-Good. ZEPO was a resistance group of fighters who had gained emotions, although each member only held one main emotion, which became their name. Deciding that the Doctor had to be one of them if the Brains Trust wanted him wiped, the group decided to take the Doctor with them, helping him fly out of the city on one of their ZEPO fliers. The latter would get up from her loom, go to the window, pray, make vows to the saints, and [37] recite novenas. The grandfather was at times unable to finish the handle of a broom and talked of returning to the forest—life in that house was unbearable.

At last their fears were realized. As the fields were some distance from the village, Cabesang Tales, in spite of his ax, fell into the hands of tulisanes who had revolvers and rifles. They told him that since he had money to pay judges and lawyers he must have some also for the outcasts and the hunted. They therefore demanded a ransom of five hundred pesos through the medium of a rustic, with the warning that if anything happened to their messenger, the captive would pay for it with his life.

Two days of grace were allowed. This news threw the poor family into the wildest terror, which was augmented when they learned that the Civil Guard was going out in pursuit of the bandits. In case of an encounter, the first victim would be the captive—this they all knew. The old man was paralyzed, while the pale and frightened daughter tried often to talk but could not. Still, another thought more terrible, an idea more cruel, roused them from their stupor. The rustic sent by the tulisanes said that the band would probably have to move on, and if they were slow in sending the ransom the two days would elapse and Cabesang Tales would have his throat cut.

This drove those two beings to madness, weak and powerless as they were. Tandang Selo got up, sat down, went outside, came back again, knowing not where to go, where to seek aid. Juli appealed to her images, counted and recounted her money, but her two hundred pesos did not increase or multiply. Soon she dressed herself, gathered together all her jewels, and asked the advice of her grandfather, if she should go to see the gobernadorcillo, the judge, the notary, the lieutenant of the Civil Guard. The old man said yes to everything, or when she said no, he too said no. At length came the neighbors, their relatives and friends, some poorer than others, in their simplicity magnifying [38] the fears.

The most active of all was Sister Bali, a great panguinguera, who had been to Manila to practise religious exercises in the nunnery of the Sodality. Juli was willing to sell all her jewels, except a locket set with diamonds and emeralds which Basilio had given her, for this locket had a history: a nun, the daughter of Capitan Tiago, had given it to a leper, who, in return for professional treatment, had made a present of it to Basilio.

So she could not sell it without first consulting him. The locket might be pawned, but Juli shook her head. A neighbor suggested that the house be sold and Tandang Selo approved the idea, satisfied to return to the forest and cut firewood as of old, but Sister Bali observed that this could not be done because the owner was not present. Borrow two hundred and fifty pesos on the house, payable when the lawsuit is won. This seemed to be the best proposition, so they decided to act upon it that same day. Sister Bali offered to accompany her, and together they visited the houses of all the rich folks in Tiani, but no one would accept the proposal. The case, they said, was already lost, and to show favors to an enemy of the friars was to expose themselves to their [39] vengeance.

At last a pious woman took pity on the girl and lent the money on condition that Juli should remain with her as a servant until the debt was paid. Juli would not have so very much to do: sew, pray, accompany her to mass, and fast for her now and then. The girl accepted with tears in her eyes, received the money, and promised to enter her service on the following day, Christmas. When the grandfather heard of that sale he fell to weeping like a child. What, that granddaughter whom he had not allowed to walk in the sun lest her skin should be burned, Juli, she of the delicate fingers and rosy feet!

What, that girl, the prettiest in the village and perhaps in the whole town, before whose window many gallants had vainly passed the night playing and singing! What, his only granddaughter, the sole joy of his fading eyes, she whom he had dreamed of seeing dressed in a long skirt, talking Spanish, and holding herself erect waving a painted fan like the daughters of the wealthy—she to become a servant, to be scolded and reprimanded, to ruin her fingers, to sleep anywhere, to rise in any manner whatsoever!

So the old grandfather wept and talked of hanging or starving himself to death. Juli soothed him by saying that it was necessary for her father to return, that the suit would be won, and they could then ransom her from her servitude. The night was a sad one. Neither of the two could taste a bite and the old man refused to lie down, passing the whole night seated in a corner, silent and motionless. Juli on her part tried to sleep, but for a long time could not close her eyes. The next day she would be a servant, and it was the very day Basilio was accustomed to come from Manila with presents for her. In fancy she saw him going to the church in company with the prettiest and richest girl in the town, both well-dressed, happy and smiling, while she, Juli, followed her mistress, carrying novenas, buyos, and the cuspidor.

Here the girl felt a lump rise in her throat, a sinking at her heart, and begged the Virgin to let her die first. But—said her conscience—he will at least know that I preferred to pawn myself rather than the locket he gave me. This thought consoled her a little and brought on empty dreams. Who knows but that a miracle might happen? She might find the two hundred and fifty pesos under the image of the Virgin—she had read of many similar miracles. The sun might not rise nor morning come, and meanwhile the suit would be won.

Her father might return, or Basilio put in his appearance, she might find a bag of gold in the garden, the tulisanes would send the bag of gold, the curate, Padre Camorra, who was always teasing her, would come with the tulisanes. So her ideas became more and more confused, until at length, worn out by fatigue and sorrow, she went to sleep with dreams of her childhood in the depths of the forest: she was bathing in the torrent along with her two brothers, there were little fishes of all colors that let themselves be caught like fools, and she became impatient because she found no pleasure in catchnig such foolish little fishes!

Basilio was under the water, but Basilio for some reason had the face of her brother Tano. Her new mistress was watching them from the bank. Basilio reached San Diego just as the Christmas Eve procession was passing through the streets. He had been delayed on the road for several hours because the cochero, having forgotten his cedula, was held up by the Civil Guard, had his memory jogged by a few blows from a rifle-butt, and afterwards was taken before the commandant.

Now the carromata was again detained to let the procession pass, while the abused cochero took off his hat reverently and recited a paternoster to the first image that came along, which seemed to be that of a great saint. It was the figure of an old man with an exceptionally long beard, seated at the edge of a grave under a tree filled with all kinds of stuffed birds. A kalan with a clay jar, a mortar, and a kalikut for mashing buyo were his only utensils, as if to indicate that he lived on the border of the tomb and was doing his cooking there. This was the Methuselah of the religious iconography of the Philippines; his colleague and perhaps contemporary is called in Europe Santa Claus, and is still more smiling and agreeable.

Behind the great old man came the three Magian Kings on ponies that were capering about, especially that of the negro Melchior, which seemed to be about to trample its companions. Then, observing that the negro wore a crown and was a king, like the other two, the Spaniards, his thoughts naturally turned to the king of the Indians, and he sighed. Basilio smiled and shrugged his shoulders, while the cochero again sighed.

The Indians in the country places preserve the legend that their king, imprisoned and chained in the cave of San Mateo, will come some day to free them. Every hundredth year he breaks one of his chains, so that he now has his hands and his left foot loose—only the right foot remains bound. This king causes the earthquakes when he struggles or stirs himself, and he is so strong that in shaking hands with him it is necessary to extend to him a bone, which he crushes in his grasp.

For some unexplainable reason the Indians call him King Bernardo, perhaps by confusing him with Bernardo del Carpio. The boys came behind in two files, sad and serious as though they were there under compulsion. They lighted their way, some with torches, others with tapers, and others with paper lanterns on bamboo poles, while they recited the rosary at the top of their voices, as though quarreling with somebody. Afterwards came St. Joseph on a modest float, with a look of sadness and resignation on his face, carrying his stalk of lilies, as he moved along between two civil-guards as though he were a prisoner.

Behind St. Joseph came the girls bearing lights, their heads covered with handkerchiefs knotted under their chins, also reciting the rosary, but with less wrath than the boys. In their midst were to be seen several lads dragging along little rabbits made of Japanese paper, lighted by red candles, with their short paper tails erect. The lads brought those toys into the procession to enliven the birth of the Messiah. The little animals, fat and round as eggs, seemed to be so pleased that at times they would take a leap, lose their balance, fall, and catch fire.

The owner would then hasten to extinguish such burning enthusiasm, puffing and blowing until he finally beat out the fire, and then, seeing his toy destroyed, would fall to weeping. The cochero observed with sadness that the race of little paper animals disappeared each year, as if they had been attacked by the pest like the living animals. He, the abused Sinong, remembered his two magnificent horses, which, at the advice of the curate, he had caused to be blessed to save them from plague, spending therefor ten pesos—for neither the government nor the curates have found any better remedy for the epizootic—and they had died after all.

Yet he consoled himself by remembering also that after the shower of holy water, the Latin phrases of the padre, and the ceremonies, the horses had become so vain and self-important that [44] they would not even allow him, Sinong, a good Christian, to put them in harness, and he had not dared to whip them, because a tertiary sister had said that they were sanctified. That the birth might be made more explicable, the curate had ordered her figure to be stuffed with rags and cotton under her skirt, so that no one could be in any doubt as to her condition. It was a very beautiful image, with the same sad expression of all the images that the Filipinos make, and a mien somewhat ashamed, doubtless at the way in which the curate had arranged her.

In front came several singers and behind, some musicians with the usual civil-guards. The curate, as was to be expected after what he had done, was not in his place, for that year he was greatly displeased at having to use all his diplomacy and shrewdness to convince the townspeople that they should pay thirty pesos for each Christmas mass instead of the usual twenty. The cochero must have been greatly preoccupied with the sights of the procession, for when it had passed and Basilio ordered him to go on, he did not notice that the lamp on his carromata had gone out.

Neither did Basilio notice it, his attention being devoted to gazing at the houses, which were illuminated inside and out with little paper lanterns of fantastic shapes and colors, stars surrounded by hoops with long streamers which produced a pleasant murmur when shaken by the wind, and fishes of movable heads and tails, having a glass of oil inside, suspended from the eaves of the windows in the delightful fashion of a happy and homelike fiesta. But he also noticed that the lights were flickering, that the stars were being eclipsed, that this year had fewer ornaments and hangings than the former, which in turn had had even fewer than the year preceding it. There was scarcely any music in the streets, while the agreeable noises of the kitchen were not to be heard in all [45] the houses, which the youth ascribed to the fact that for some time things had been going badly, the sugar did not bring a good price, the rice crops had failed, over half the live stock had died, but the taxes rose and increased for some inexplicable reason, while the abuses of the Civil Guard became more frequent to kill off the happiness of the people in the towns.

They were passing in front of the barracks and one of the guards had noticed the extinguished lamp of the carromata, which could not go on without it. A hail of insults fell about the poor cochero, who vainly excused himself with the length of the procession. He would be arrested for violating the ordinances and afterwards advertised in the newspapers, so the peaceful and prudent Basilio left the carromata and went his way on foot, carrying his valise. This was San Diego, his native town, where he had not a single relative. Hens and chickens cackled their death chant to the accompaniment of dry and repeated strokes, as of meat pounded on a chopping-block, and the sizzling of grease in the frying-pans.

A feast was going on in the house, and even into the street there passed a certain draught of air, saturated with the succulent odors of stews and confections. In the entresol Basilio saw Sinang, as small as when our readers knew her before, 2 although a little rounder and plumper since her marriage. Then to his great surprise he made out, further in at the back of the room, chatting with Capitan Basilio, the curate, and the alferez of the Civil Guard, no less than the jeweler Simoun, as ever with his blue goggles and his nonchalant air.

Capitan Basilio would do so with the greatest pleasure, and as he wished to propitiate the soldier in order that he might not be molested in the persons of his laborers, he refused to accept the money which the alferez was trying to get out of his pocket. Simoun in the meantime was praising his jewels. And if I can believe a certain person, he buys from some gentlemen for a half of their value the same jewels that he himself has sold for presents. Everybody in this country prospers but us! This man was now waiting to give him the news.

Two of the laborers were prisoners, one was to be deported, and a number of carabaos had died. The old man cast about for something new. To die of old age! It must at least have been some disease. You take away my appetite relating the same old things. Do you know anything of Sagpang? The old man then told him about the kidnapping of Cabesang Tales. Basilio became thoughtful and said nothing more—his appetite had completely left him. It circulates in various forms, the commonest being that the king was so confined for defying the lightning; and it takes no great stretch of the imagination to fancy in this idea a reference to the firearms used by the Spanish conquerors. Quite recently January , when the nearly extinct volcano of Banahao shook itself and scattered a few tons of mud over the surrounding landscape, the people thereabout recalled this old legend, saying that it was their King Bernardo making another effort to get that right foot loose.

When the bells began their chimes for the midnight mass and those who preferred a good sleep to fiestas and ceremonies arose grumbling at the noise and movement, Basilio cautiously left the house, took two or three turns through the streets to see that he was not watched or followed, and then made his way by unfrequented paths to the road that led to the ancient wood of the Ibarras, which had been acquired by Capitan Tiago when their property was confiscated and sold. As Christmas fell under the waning moon that year, the place was wrapped in darkness. The chimes had ceased, and only the tolling sounded through the darkness of the night amid the murmur of the breeze-stirred branches and the measured roar of the waves on the neighboring lake, like the deep respiration of nature sunk in profound sleep.

Awed by the time and place, the youth moved along with his head down, as if endeavoring to see through the darkness. But from time to time he raised it to gaze at the stars through the open spaces between the treetops and went forward parting the bushes or tearing away the lianas that obstructed his path. At times he retraced his steps, his foot would get caught among the plants, he stumbled over a projecting root or a fallen log.

At the end of a half-hour he reached a small brook on the opposite side of which arose a hillock, a black and shapeless mass that in the darkness took on the proportions of a mountain. Basilio crossed the brook on the stones that showed black against the shining surface of the water, ascended the hill, and made his way to a small space enclosed by old and [49] crumbling walls. He approached the balete tree that rose in the center, huge, mysterious, venerable, formed of roots that extended up and down among the confusedly-interlaced trunks.

Pausing before a heap of stones he took off his hat and seemed to be praying. There his mother was buried, and every time he came to the town his first visit was to that neglected and unknown grave. Seated on a stone, he seemed to fall into deep thought. His past rose before him like a long black film, rosy at first, then shadowy with spots of blood, then black, black, gray, and then light, ever lighter. The end could not be seen, hidden as it was by a cloud through which shone lights and the hues of dawn. Thirteen years before to the day, almost to the hour, his mother had died there in the deepest distress, on a glorious night when the moon shone brightly and the Christians of the world were engaged in rejoicing.

Wounded and limping, he had reached there in pursuit of her—she mad and terrified, fleeing from her son as from a ghost. There she had died, and there had come a stranger who had commanded him to build a funeral pyre. What a night and what a morning those were! The stranger helped him raise the pyre, whereon they burned the corpse of the first, dug the grave in which they buried his mother, and then after giving him some pieces of money told him to leave the place. It was the first time that he had seen that man—tall, with blood-shot eyes, pale lips, and a sharp nose. Entirely alone in the world, without parents or brothers and sisters, he left the town whose authorities inspired in him such great fear and went to Manila to work in some rich house and study at the same time, as many do.

His journey was an Odyssey of sleeplessness and startling surprises, in which hunger counted for little, for he ate the [50] fruits in the woods, whither he retreated whenever he made out from afar the uniform of the Civil Guard, a sight that recalled the origin of all his misfortunes. Once in Manila, ragged and sick, he went from door to door offering his services. A boy from the provinces who knew not a single word of Spanish, and sickly besides!

Discouraged, hungry, and miserable, he wandered about the streets, attracting attention by the wretchedness of his clothing. How often was he tempted to throw himself under the feet of the horses that flashed by, drawing carriages shining with silver and varnish, thus to end his misery at once! Fortunately, he saw Capitan Tiago, accompanied by Aunt Isabel. He had known them since the days in San Diego, and in his joy believed that in them he saw almost fellow-townsfolk. He followed the carriage until he lost sight of it, and then made inquiries for the house. As it was the very day that Maria Clara entered the nunnery and Capitan Tiago was accordingly depressed, he was admitted as a servant, without pay, but instead with leave to study, if he so wished, in San Juan de Letran.

On seeing his clothes, his classmates drew away from him, and the professor, a handsome Dominican, never asked him a question, but frowned every time he looked at him. In the eight months that the class continued, the only words that passed between them were his name read from the roll and the daily adsum with which the student responded. With what bitterness he left the class each day, and, guessing the reason for the treatment accorded him, what tears sprang into his eyes and what complaints were stifled in his heart!

How he had wept and sobbed over the grave of his mother, relating to her his hidden sorrows, humiliations, and affronts, when at the approach of Christmas Capitan Tiago had taken him back to San Diego! Yet he memorized the lessons without [51] omitting a comma, although he understood scarcely any part of them. The greater part of the students congratulated themselves that they thus escaped the work of thinking and understanding the subject.

Basilio passed the examinations by answering the solitary question asked him, like a machine, without stopping or breathing, and in the amusement of the examiners won the passing certificate. His nine companions—they were examined in batches of ten in order to save time—did not have such good luck, but were condemned to repeat the year of brutalization. In the second year the game-cock that he tended won a [52] large sum and he received from Capitan Tiago a big tip, which he immediately invested in the purchase of shoes and a felt hat.

With these and the clothes given him by his employer, which he made over to fit his person, his appearance became more decent, but did not get beyond that. But Basilio kept on, for perseverance was his chief trait. His fortune seemed to change somewhat when he entered the third year. His professor happened to be a very jolly fellow, fond of jokes and of making the students laugh, complacent enough in that he almost always had his favorites recite the lessons—in fact, he was satisfied with anything.

At this time Basilio now wore shoes and a clean and well-ironed camisa. As his professor noticed that he laughed very little at the jokes and that his large eyes seemed to be asking something like an eternal question, he took him for a fool, and one day decided to make him conspicuous by calling on him for the lesson. Basilio recited it from beginning to end, without hesitating over a single letter, so the professor called him a parrot and told a story to make the class laugh.

Basilio now understood Spanish and answered the questions with the plain intention of making no one laugh. This disgusted everybody, the expected absurdity did not materialize, no one could laugh, and the good friar never pardoned him for having defrauded the hopes of the class and disappointed his own prophecies. But who would expect anything worth while to come from a head so badly combed and placed on an Indian poorly shod, classified until recently among the arboreal animals?

As in other [53] centers of learning, where the teachers are honestly desirous that the students should learn, such discoveries usually delight the instructors, so in a college managed by men convinced that for the most part knowledge is an evil, at least for the students, the episode of Basilio produced a bad impression and he was not questioned again during the year. Why should he be, when he made no one laugh? Quite discouraged and thinking of abandoning his studies, he passed to the fourth year of Latin. Why study at all, why not sleep like the others and trust to luck? One of the two professors was very popular, beloved by all, passing for a sage, a great poet, and a man of advanced ideas.

One day when he accompanied the collegians on their walk, he had a dispute with some cadets, which resulted in a skirmish and a challenge. No doubt recalling his brilliant youth, the professor preached a crusade and promised good marks to all who during the promenade on the following Sunday would take part in the fray. The week was a lively one—there were occasional encounters in which canes and sabers were crossed, and in one of these Basilio distinguished himself. Borne in triumph by the students and presented to the professor, he thus became known to him and came to be his favorite. Partly for this reason and partly from his diligence, that year he received the highest marks, medals included, in view of which Capitan Tiago, who, since his daughter had become a nun, exhibited some aversion to the friars, in a fit of good humor induced him to transfer to the Ateneo Municipal, the fame of which was then in its apogee.

Here a new world opened before his eyes—a system of instruction that he had never dreamed of. Except for a few superfluities and some childish things, he was filled with admiration for the methods there used and with gratitude for the zeal of the instructors. His eyes at times filled with tears when he thought of the four previous years during which, from lack of means, he had been unable to study at that center.

He had to make extraordinary efforts to get [54] himself to the level of those who had had a good preparatory course, and it might be said that in that one year he learned the whole five of the secondary curricula. One of these, as if to dampen such great enthusiasm a little, asked him where he had studied the first years of Latin. Of course! From choice and temperament he selected the course in medicine.

Capitan Tiago preferred the law, in order that he might have a lawyer free, but knowledge of the laws is not sufficient to secure clientage in the Philippines—it is necessary to win the cases, and for this friendships are required, influence in certain spheres, a good deal of astuteness. Capitan Tiago finally gave in, remembering that medical students get on intimate terms with corpses, and for some time he had been seeking a poison to put on the gaffs of his game-cocks, the best he had been able to secure thus far being the blood of a Chinaman who had died of syphilis.

With equal diligence, or more if possible, the young man continued this course, and after the third year began to render medical services with such great success that he was not only preparing a brilliant future for himself but also earning enough to dress well and save some money. This was the last year of the course and in two months he would be a physician; he would come back to the town, he would marry Juliana, and they would be happy. The granting of his licentiateship was not only assured, but he expected it to be the crowning act of his school-days, for he had been designated to deliver the valedictory at the graduation, and already he saw himself in the rostrum, before the whole faculty, the object of public attention. All [55] those heads, leaders of Manila science, half-hidden in their colored capes; all the women who came there out of curiosity and who years before had gazed at him, if not with disdain, at least with indifference; all those men whose carriages had once been about to crush him down in the mud like a dog: they would listen attentively, and he was going to say something to them that would not be trivial, something that had never before resounded in that place, he was going to forget himself in order to aid the poor students of the future—and he would make his entrance on his work in the world with that speech.

It suited their plans that scientific and literary knowledge should not become general nor very extensive, for which reason they took but little interest in the study of those subjects or in the quality of the instruction. Their educational establishments were places of luxury for the children of wealthy and well-to-do families rather than establishments in which to perfect and develop the minds of the Filipino youth.

It is true they were careful to give them a religious education, tending to make them respect the omnipotent power sic of the monastic corporations. By the study of Latin, and their philosophic systems, they converted their pupils into automatic machines rather than into practical men prepared to battle with life. He was about to start back to the town when he thought he saw a light flickering among the trees and heard the snapping of twigs, the sound of feet, and rustling of leaves. The light disappeared but the noises became more distinct, coming directly toward where he was. Basilio was not naturally superstitious, especially after having carved up so many corpses and watched beside so many death-beds, but the old legends about that ghostly spot, the hour, the darkness, the melancholy sighing of the wind, and certain tales heard in his childhood, asserted their influence over his mind and made his heart beat violently.

The figure stopped on the other side of the balete, but the youth could see it through an open space between two roots that had grown in the course of time to the proportions of tree-trunks. It produced from under its coat a lantern with a powerful reflecting lens, which it placed on the ground, thereby lighting up a pair of riding-boots, the rest of the figure remaining concealed in the darkness. The figure seemed to search its pockets and then bent over to fix a shovel-blade on the end of a stout cane. To his great surprise Basilio thought he could make out some of the features of the jeweler Simoun, who indeed it was. The jeweler dug in the ground and from time to time the lantern illuminated his face, on which were not now the blue goggles that so completely disguised him.

Old impressions were stirred in the boy: he seemed to feel the heat of the fire, the hunger, the weariness of that time, the smell of freshly turned earth. Yet his discovery terrified him—that jeweler Simoun, who passed for a British Indian, a Portuguese, an American, a mulatto, the Brown Cardinal, his Black Eminence, the evil genius of the Captain-General as many called him, was no other than the mysterious stranger whose appearance and disappearance coincided with the death of the heir to that land! But of the two strangers who had appeared, which was Ibarra, the living or the dead? The dead man had had two wounds, which must have been made by firearms, as he knew from what he had since studied, and which would be the result of the chase on the lake.

Then the dead man must have been Ibarra, who had come to die at the tomb of his forefathers, his desire to be cremated being explained by his residence in Europe, where cremation is practised. Then who was the other, the living, this jeweler Simoun, at that time with such an appearance of poverty and wretchedness, but who had now returned loaded with gold and a friend of the authorities? There was the mystery, and the student, with his characteristic cold-bloodedness, determined to clear it up at the first opportunity. Simoun dug away for some time, but Basilio noticed that his old vigor had declined—he panted and had to rest every few moments.

Fearing that he might be discovered, the boy made a sudden resolution. Simoun straightened up with the spring of a tiger [58] attacked at his prey, thrust his hand in his coat pocket, and stared at the student with a pale and lowering gaze. Without taking his eyes off the youth Simoun drew a revolver from his pocket and the click of a hammer being cocked was heard. An impressive silence followed these words, a silence that to the youth seemed to suggest eternity.

For my own security and for the good of the cause in which I labor, I ought to seal your lips forever, for what is the life of one man compared to the end I seek? You have toiled, you have struggled with energetic perseverance, and like myself, you have your scores to settle with society. Your brother was murdered, your mother driven to insanity, and society has prosecuted neither the assassin nor the executioner. You and I are the dregs of justice and instead of destroying we ought to aid each other. The victim of a vicious system, I have wandered over the world, working night and day to amass a fortune and carry out my plan.

Now I have returned to destroy that system, to precipitate its downfall, to hurl it into the abyss toward which it is senselessly rushing, even though I may have to shed oceans of tears and blood. Simoun extended both his arms toward the earth, as if with that gesture he would like to hold there the broken remains. His voice took on a sinister, even lugubrious tone, which made the student shudder. My gold has opened a way for me and wheresoever I have beheld greed in the most execrable forms, sometimes hypocritical, sometimes shameless, sometimes cruel, fatten on the dead organism, like a vulture on a corpse, I have asked myself—why was there not, festering in its vitals, the corruption, the ptomaine, the poison of the tombs, to kill the foul bird?

The corpse was letting itself be consumed, the vulture was gorging itself with meat, and because it was not possible for me to give it life so that it might turn against its destroyer, and because the corruption developed slowly, I have stimulated greed, I have abetted it. The cases of injustice and the abuses multiplied themselves; I have instigated crime and acts of cruelty, so that the people might become accustomed to the idea of death. I have stirred up trouble so that to escape from it some remedy might be found; I have placed obstacles in the way of trade so that the country, impoverished and reduced to misery, might no longer be afraid of anything; I have excited desires to plunder the treasury, and as this has not been enough to bring about a popular uprising, I have wounded the people in their most sensitive fiber; I have [60] made the vulture itself insult the very corpse that it feeds upon and hasten the corruption.

You have united, so that by your efforts you may bind your fatherland to Spain with garlands of roses when in reality you are forging upon it chains harder than the diamond! What will you be in the future? A people without character, a nation without liberty—everything you have will be borrowed, even your very defects! You beg for Hispanization, and do not pale with shame when they deny it you! And even if they should grant it to you, what then—what have you gained? At best, a country of pronunciamentos, a land of civil wars, a republic of the greedy and the malcontents, like some of the republics of South America! To what are you tending now, with your instruction in Castilian, a pretension that would be ridiculous were it not for its deplorable consequences!

You wish to add one more language to the forty odd that are spoken in the islands, so that you may understand one another less and less. Spanish will never be the general language of the country, the people will never talk it, because the conceptions of their brains and the feelings of their hearts cannot be expressed in that language—each people has its own tongue, as it has its own way of thinking! What are you going to do with Castilian, the few of you who will speak it? Kill off your own originality, subordinate your thoughts to other brains, and instead of freeing yourselves, make yourselves slaves indeed!

Nine-tenths of those of you who pretend to be enlightened are renegades to your country! He among you who talks that language neglects his own in such a way that he neither writes nor understands it, and how many have I not seen who pretended not to know a single word of it! But fortunately, you have an imbecile government! While Russia enslaves Poland by forcing the Russian language upon it, while Germany prohibits French in the conquered provinces, your government strives to preserve yours, and you in return, a remarkable people under an incredible government, you are trying to despoil yourselves of your own nationality!

One and all you forget that while a people preserves its language, it preserves the marks of its liberty, as a man preserves his independence while he holds to his own way of thinking. Language is the thought of the peoples. Luckily, your independence is assured; human passions are looking out for that! Simoun paused and rubbed his hand over his forehead.

The waning moon was rising and sent its faint light down through the branches of the trees, and with his white locks and severe features, illuminated from below by the lantern, the jeweler appeared to be the fateful spirit of the wood planning some evil. How many times have I wished to speak to you young men, to reveal myself and undeceive you! But in view of the reputation I enjoy, my words would have been wrongly interpreted and would perhaps have had a counter effect.

How many times have I not longed to approach your Makaraig, your Isagani! But you know who I am, you know how much I must have suffered—then believe in me! You are not of the common crowd, which sees in the jeweler Simoun the trader who incites the authorities to commit abuses in order that the abused may buy jewels. I am the Judge who wishes to castigate this system by making use of its own defects, to make war on it by flattering it. I need your help, your influence among the youth, to combat these senseless desires for Hispanization, for assimilation, for equal rights. By that road you will become only a poor copy, and the people should look higher. It is madness to attempt to influence the thoughts of the rulers—they have their plan outlined, the bandage covers their eyes, and besides losing time uselessly, you are deceiving the people with vain hopes and are helping to bend their necks before the tyrant.

What you should do is to take advantage of their prejudices to serve your needs. Are they unwilling that you be assimilated with the Spanish people? Good enough! Distinguish yourselves then by revealing yourselves in your own character, try to lay the foundations of the Philippine fatherland! Do they deny you hope? Do they deny you representation [63] in their Cortes? So much the better! Even should you succeed in sending representatives of your own choice, what are you going to accomplish there except to be overwhelmed among so many voices, and sanction with your presence the abuses and wrongs that are afterwards perpetrated?

The fewer rights they allow you, the more reason you will have later to throw off the yoke, and return evil for evil. If they are unwilling to teach you their language, cultivate your own, extend it, preserve to the people their own way of thinking, and instead of aspiring to be a province, aspire to be a nation! Instead of subordinate thoughts, think independently, to the end that neither by right, nor custom, nor language, the Spaniard can be considered the master here, nor even be looked upon as a part of the country, but ever as an invader, a foreigner, and sooner or later you will have your liberty! I am no politician, and if I have signed the petition for instruction in Castilian it has been because I saw in it an advantage to our studies and nothing more.

My destiny is different; my aspiration reduces itself to alleviating the physical sufferings of my fellow men. The jeweler smiled. What is the death of a man in the presence of the death of a society? Some day you will perhaps be a great physician, if they let you go your way in peace, but greater yet will be he who can inject a new idea into this anemic people! You, what are you doing for the land that gave you existence, that supports your life, that affords you knowledge?

It is a stone wasted in the fields without becoming a part of any edifice. But however enthusiastic our generation may be, we understand that in this great social fabric there must be a division of labor. I have chosen my task and will devote myself to science. Simoun smiled sadly. To overcome the ancient fanaticism that bound consciences it was necessary that many should perish in the holocausts, so that the social conscience in horror declared the individual conscience free. It is also necessary that all answer the question which with each day the fatherland asks them, with its fettered hands extended! Patriotism can only be a crime in a tyrannical people, because then it is rapine under a beautiful name, but however [65] perfect humanity may become, patriotism will always be a virtue among oppressed peoples, because it will at all times mean love of justice, of liberty, of personal dignity—nothing of chimerical dreams, of effeminate idyls!

The greatness of a man is not in living before his time, a thing almost impossible, but in understanding its desires, in responding to its needs, and in guiding it on its forward way. The geniuses that are commonly believed to have existed before their time, only appear so because those who judge them see from a great distance, or take as representative of the age the line of stragglers! Simoun fell silent. Is it enough that you come here every year, to weep like a woman over a grave? I would merely be another victim, shattered like a piece of glass hurled against a rock. Ah, you do ill to recall this to me, since it is wantonly reopening a wound! Basilio shook his head and remained pensive. Let them rest in peace—what should I gain now by avenging them?

Resignation is not always a virtue; it is a crime when it encourages tyrants: there are no despots where there are no slaves! Man is in his own nature so wicked that he always abuses complaisance. I thought as [66] you do, and you know what my fate was. Those who caused your misfortunes are watching you day and night, they suspect that you are only biding your time, they take your eagerness to learn, your love of study, your very complaisance, for burning desires for revenge.

The day they can get rid of you they will do with you as they did with me, and they will not let you grow to manhood, because they fear and hate you! Still hate me after the wrong they have done me? Simoun burst into a laugh. When you wish to gauge the evil or the good that one people has done to another, you have only to observe whether it hates or loves. Thus is explained the reason why many who have enriched themselves here in the high offices they have filled, on their return to the Peninsula relieve themselves by slanders and insults against those who have been their victims. Proprium humani ingenii est odisse quern laeseris!

Good enough, young man! When a body is inert, it is useless to galvanize it. Twenty years of continuous slavery, of systematic humiliation, of constant prostration, finally create in the mind a twist that cannot be straightened by the labor of a day. Good and evil instincts are inherited and transmitted from father to son. Then let your idylic ideas live, your dreams of a slave who asks only for a bandage to wrap the chain so that it may rattle less and not ulcerate his skin!

You hope for a little home and some ease, a wife and a handful of rice—here is your [67] ideal man of the Philippines! Well, if they give it to you, consider yourself fortunate. Basilio, accustomed to obey and bear with the caprices and humors of Capitan Tiago. He tried to explain himself by saying that he did not consider himself fit to mix in politics, that he had no political opinions because he had never studied the question, but that he was always ready to lend his services the day they might be needed, that for the moment he saw only one need, the enlightenment of the people. Or can it be that the years of servitude have extinguished in his heart every human sentiment and there remain only the animal desires to live and reproduce?

In that case the type is deformed and will have to be cast over again. Then the hecatomb is preparing: let the unfit perish and only the strongest survive! I have lost all—country, future, prosperity, your very tomb, but have patience! And thou, noble spirit, great soul, generous heart, who didst live with only one thought and didst sacrifice thy life without asking the gratitude or applause of any one, have patience, have patience! The methods that I use may perhaps not be thine, but they are the most direct. The day is coming, and when it brightens I myself will come to announce it to you who are now indifferent. Have patience! When Juli opened her sorrowing eyes, she saw that the house was still dark, but the cocks were crowing.

Her first thought was that perhaps the Virgin had performed the miracle and the sun was not going to rise, in spite of the invocations of the cocks. She rose, crossed herself, recited her morning prayers with great devotion, and with as little noise as possible went out on the batalan. There was no miracle—the sun was rising and promised a magnificent morning, the breeze was delightfully cool, the stars were paling in the east, and the cocks were crowing as if to see who could crow best and loudest. That had been too much to ask—it were much easier to request the Virgin to send the two hundred and fifty pesos. What would it cost the Mother of the Lord to give them? But underneath the image she found only the letter of her father asking for the ransom of five hundred pesos.

There was nothing to do but go, so, seeing that her grandfather was not stirring, she thought him asleep and began to prepare breakfast. Strange, she was calm, she even had a desire to laugh! What had she had last night to afflict her so? Her fingers struck against the locket and she pressed it to her lips, but immediately [70] wiped them from fear of contagion, for that locket set with diamonds and emeralds had come from a leper.

Ah, then, if she should catch that disease she could not get married. As it became lighter, she could see her grandfather seated in a corner, following all her movements with his eyes, so she caught up her tampipi of clothes and approached him smilingly to kiss his hand. The old man blessed her silently, while she tried to appear merry. Juli had been gone several hours and the sun was quite high overhead when Tandang Selo gazed from the window at the people in their festival garments going to the town to attend the high mass. Nearly all led by the hand or carried in their arms a little boy or girl decked out as if for a fiesta.

Christmas day in the Philippines is, according to the elders, a fiesta for the children, who are perhaps not of the same opinion and who, it may be supposed, have for it an instinctive dread. They are roused early, washed, dressed, and decked out with everything new, dear, and precious that they possess—high silk shoes, big hats, woolen or velvet suits, without overlooking four or five [71] scapularies, which contain texts from St. John, and thus burdened they are carried to the high mass, where for almost an hour they are subjected to the heat and the human smells from so many crowding, perspiring people, and if they are not made to recite the rosary they must remain quiet, bored, or asleep.

At each movement or antic that may soil their clothing they are pinched and scolded, so the fact is that they do not laugh or feel happy, while in their round eyes can be read a protest against so much embroidery and a longing for the old shirt of week-days. There they have to dance, sing, and recite all the amusing things they know, whether in the humor or not, whether comfortable or not in their fine clothes, with the eternal pinchings and scoldings if they play any of their tricks. Their relatives give them cuartos which their parents seize upon and of which they hear nothing more. The only positive results they are accustomed to get from the fiesta are the marks of the aforesaid pinchings, the vexations, and at best an attack of indigestion from gorging themselves with candy and cake in the houses of kind relatives.

But such is the custom, and Filipino children enter the world through these ordeals, which afterwards prove the least sad, the least hard, of their lives. Their Christmas gift consists of a sweetmeat, some fruit, a glass of water, or some insignificant present. Tandang Selo saw all his friends pass and thought sadly that this year he had no Christmas gift for anybody, while his granddaughter had gone without hers, without wishing him a merry Christinas.

When he tried to greet the relatives who called on him, bringing their children, he found to his great surprise that he could not articulate a word. Vainly he tried, but no [72] sound could he utter. He placed his hands on his throat, shook his head, but without effect. When he tried to laugh, his lips trembled convulsively and the only noise produced was a hoarse wheeze like the blowing of bellows. The women gazed at him in consternation. When the news of this misfortune became known in the town, some lamented it and others shrugged their shoulders. No one was to blame, and no one need lay it on his conscience. The lieutenant of the Civil Guard gave no sign: he had received an order to take up all the arms and he had performed his duty.

He had chased the tulisanes whenever he could, and when they captured Cabesang Tales he had organized an expedition and brought into the town, with their arms bound behind them, five or six rustics who looked suspicious, so if Cabesang Tales did not show up it was because he was not in the pockets or under the skins of the prisoners, who were thoroughly shaken out. The friar-administrator shrugged his shoulders: he had nothing to do with it, it was a matter of tulisanes and he had merely done his duty. True it was that if he had not entered the complaint, perhaps the arms would not have been taken up, and poor Tales would not have been captured; but he, Fray Clemente, had to look after his own safety, and that Tales had a way of staring at him as if picking out a good target in some part of his body.

Self-defense is natural. If there are tulisanes, the fault is not his, it is not his duty to run them down—that belongs to the Civil Guard. If Cabesang Tales, instead of wandering about his fields, had stayed at home, he would not have been captured. In short, that was a punishment from heaven upon those who resisted the demands of his corporation. Those sinning relatives referred to Juliana, for to this pious woman Juli was a great sinner.

Anybody hearing her would think she was talking about something else. Greatly scandalized, she made the sign of the cross and thanked God, who had permitted the capture of the father in order that the daughter might be snatched from sin and learn the virtues which, according to the curates, should adorn every Christian woman.

The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career was the The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career of an old man with an The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career long beard, seated at the edge of a grave under a The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career filled with all kinds of stuffed birds. He was undoubtedly respected, for with a diary of anne frank online of his hand he cut short the speech of both at the moment when the friar-artilleryman was talking The Man Behind Edwin Booths Acting Career experience and the journalist-friar about scientists. So far, Cruella is always innocent.