❤❤❤ Addiction Brain Disease

Monday, October 25, 2021 4:19:50 PM

Addiction Brain Disease



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Addiction is a Brain Disorder

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Related Stories. According to the ASAM definition, addiction is characterized by:. These conditions are also commonly present in addiction:. ASAM says that behavioral manifestations and complications of addiction, due to impaired control, can include:. Cognitive changes in addiction can include:. ASAM believes emotional changes in addiction can include:. In the past, diagnosis of addiction has focused on outward manifestations of a person's behaviors, which can be observed and confirmed by standardized questionnaires. The new definition of addiction instead focuses on what's going on inside you, in your brain. The experts at ASAM hope their new definition leads to a better understanding of the disease process, which they say is biological, psychological, social, and spiritual in its manifestation.

Addiction can manifest itself in many behaviors beyond substance abuse. Traditionally, people with addictions have sought and received treatment for a particular substance or behavior. This has sometimes resulted in the person substituting one addiction for another —what ASAM calls the "pathological pursuit of rewards"—because the underlying cause was not treated. ASAM suggests that comprehensive addiction treatment should focus on all active and potential substances and behaviors that could be addictive. ASAM was careful to point out that the fact that addiction is a primary, chronic brain disease does not absolve addicts from taking responsibility for their behaviors. Just as people with heart disease or diabetes have to take personal responsibility for managing their illness, if you have an addiction, you also must take the steps necessary to minimize your chance of relapse, ASAM said.

For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database. For example, some drugs have a structure similar to other chemical messengers in the brain, allowing them to bind to brain cells and release dopamine. Therefore, taking a drug produces a euphoric feeling, which in turn strongly reinforces drug-using behavior. Drugs release two to 10 times the amount of dopamine that natural rewards release. How much is released depends on the type of drug; amphetamines, for example, release more dopamine than cocaine.

As a result, the increased and sometimes constant influx of dopamine means feelings of reward, motivation or pleasure are also increased. This explains why individuals who chronically abuse drugs or alcohol begin to appear lethargic, unmotivated and depressed, and report a lack of pleasure in things that were once pleasurable. To counter this, they increase their substance use in an attempt to feel the same pleasure they used to. This only exacerbates the problem, creating a vicious cycle of needing to take the drug in order to regain dopamine levels, then later needing to increase the dose, and so on, an effect known as tolerance.

While short-term use may only produce small, transient effects in the brain, prolonged substance use changes the brain in fundamental ways that reinforce continued use, such as the strengthening of memory circuits associated with drug taking. Cues that are social such as being around substance-using friends , geographic former favorite bars , and physical experiencing stress in nature become strongly associated with the drug. These have a powerful impact on the brain — no matter if that person has been abstinent for 15 days or 15 years — and can trigger a relapse. Brain changes from chronic drug or alcohol use can persist years after a person quits.

More importantly, this is why treatment depends on the type of drug and the individual characteristics of the patient.

Front Psychiatry. Carstensen, and Jeremy Addiction Brain Disease. Cite this article Addiction Brain Disease, M. Addiction Brain Disease York: HarperCollins.