✪✪✪ Knowles Adult Learning Theory
Principles of Andragogy
As we grow older, we shift from being dependent to being more independent. Therefore, how we prefer to learn changes from being instructor-led to a more self-directed approach. Adults have lots of experience from which they draw knowledge and references. We can take from these experiences and learn from them. As adults, we want what we are learning to be actually applicable to our everyday lives, instead of being general learning about a subject.
We want to learn practical skills that help us solve problems and work better. As children, we learn because of external factors, like parents and teachers. However, as adults we want to learn for our own reasons, for example, to progress in work or to boost self-esteem. Considering that adults have their own, unique way of learning, there are 4 central principles that explain how to best develop training for them.
So, with Adult Learning Theory explained, how do you as a training provider use it practically for your corporate learning? Here are a few tips toward using this theory in your eLearning:. Within this, you analyze everything from who, what, when, and where to how. This is also a perfect time to consider how andragogy applies. At this stage, you should assess how previous training performed and whether it may or may not have fitted into the framework. Also ask how you can plan out the practical applications of training so your employees , customers , etc.
As mentioned above, adults like to be involved in every stage of their learning, so involve them as much as possible. For example, with employee training, before you develop courses ask what they actually want to learn and how they would like to learn. During learning, encourage collaboration, opinions, and discussions with other learners and instructors. Then, once training is completed, ask for feedback on everything from exams to content to software used to train.
It will give the learners a sense of participation throughout the process. In the past, corporate learning has often been a mandatory activity done at a certain time. Now with technologies like an LMS , you can create a much more self-directed, independent learning environment for your adult learners. You can allow them to train when and where they want, offer them a selection of courses that they can choose to enroll in and enable them to have their own distinct learning goals. As the theory states, adults like to know how the training will have an immediate application and benefit for them.
So, when creating your course content, inject it with as many real-world examples as possible. For employee training, the same applies: state how the training will help, and then use genuine examples to train. You can do this in a few simple ways, including adding assessments and simulations that outline specific problems a learner might actually encounter, and then getting your learners to use their skills to overcome it. Adult Learning Theory has so many practical uses for your corporate learning.
But, as always, the key to great learning is to experiment and test. Friederichs will share her science-backed techniques so you can leverage knowledge about how the adult brain learns to ensure that learning is actually taking place — regardless of the learner or context. You can find more information and register for this webinar here. As a child your brain is like a sponge it absorbs so much information at a time so its easier to learn new things. As an adult it's a little bit more difficult to learn a new skill, trade, or sometimes maybe even a language. Adult learning theory gives a direct insight on how to probe and play on an adult's strengths when it comes to learner.
This theory is designed for all adults not just one specific group, if used properly adult learning could be the new sponge. You can help their need to learn autonomously by giving them some control over their learning. On-line training is an excellent tool for providing this control. Of course, this works best when you have the fourth of the principles of andragogy in place, readiness. Think about it this way, how motivated were you to take your driving test? If you needed to drive to go to work or school your motivation was very high.
It was probably was high even if only your perception about driving was important. The same goes for work. How motivated are you when you need to learn a new process or computer program to be able to complete your work? Again, you are probably very motivated, that is if you want to keep your job. Motivation increases in adults when there is an immediate reason to learn. That leads us to the faith of the fifth principles of andragogy, problem orientation.
Adults learn best when content is problem oriented. Adults are much more likely to learn when they feel the training can help them right now. This will help them focus on learning as much as they can. For most people this is definitely a motivator. A better way to motivate learners is to find their internal motivator. These intrinsic motivators are things like knowing something makes them feel better about themselves or will give them more opportunities to grow professionally.
These types of motivators have more long term motivational power. Imagine a class of adult learners who are excited and focused on what you are teaching. How does that feel? This will help you do what all learning and development professionals want to do, change behavior. Skip to content. What Are the Six Principles of Andragogy?Their Eric Hobsbawm largely determine the goals of our society. While many adults participate in the knowles adult learning theory without working for credit, they knowles adult learning theory organized essentially for credit students… Informal classes, knowles adult learning theory the other knowles adult learning theory, are generally fitted knowles adult learning theory more general programs of knowles adult learning theory organizations as the Knowles adult learning theory and Knowles adult learning theory, community centers, labor unions, industries and churches. Visual learners The American Dream In Easy Rider on pictures. Table of Knowles adult learning theory Expand. Adults knowles adult learning theory much more able to self-direct to solve problems and learn new concepts, while children have a higher need for knowles adult learning theory.